Cleaning And Inspection

Place cylinders and pistons in "Gunk Hydro-Seal" or other carbon and gum dissolving agent until deposits are soft. Scrub piston dome and outside of cylinder to remove deposits. Where carbon deposit is thick and hard, it is advisable to scrape carbon before cleaning. Use a putty knife or ground tip on an old file. Use care to keep from scraping into aluminum of piston.

Wash all parts in solvent and blow dry with compressed air. Force air through feed and return oil passages in cylinder. Clean piston ring grooves with a niece of compression ring ground to a chisel shape.

Examine piston pin to see that it is not pitted or scored. Check the piston pin bushing to see that it is not loose in connecting rod, grooved, pitted or scored. A piston pin, properly fitted, is a light hand press fit in piston and has .001 in. clearance in connecting rod upper bearing. If piston pin to bushing free fit exceeds .002 in., replace worn parts, (see "Connecting Rod Bushings").

If piston pin is to be used again, examine lock ring on unslotted end of pin. If ring is tight in its groove, it is not necessary to remove it. When a new ring is required, clean ring groove and install ring before pin is installed in piston. The piston pin included with new piston assembly will have lock ring already installed on unslotted end.

Cylinder base stud 4A. nut and washer (4)

2. Cylinder 5.

3. Cylinder base gasket 6.

Oil control piston ring and expander spring Piston pin lock ring (2) Piston pin Piston

Piston pin bushing

Figure following name of part indicates quantity necessary for one complete assembly.

Figure 3C-2. Removing Piston Pin Lock Ring

Examine piston and cylinder for cracks, burrs, burned spots, grooves and gouges.

Check rods for up and down play on lower bearings. See Fig. 3C-3. When up and down play is detected and either rod has more than 3/32 in. side shake at extreme upper end, lower bearing should be refitted. This requires removing and disassembling engine crankcase (see Section 3E).

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