Description

The engine is a two-cylinder, four-cycle, air cooled, over-head-valve, V-type engine. It has three major component assemblies: cylinder, crankcase and gearcase.

Cylinder assemblies include cylinder head, valves, rocker arms and piston. Cylinders mount on the engine crankcase in a 45 degree "V," with both connecting rods connected to a single crank pin.

The reciprocating, linear motion of the piston in the cylinder is converted to circular motion in the crankcase. The built-up crankshaft consists of an off-center crank pin interposed between two counterweighted flywheels which rotate on two end shafts (pinion and sprocket shafts) supported by antifriction roller bearings. The lower end of the rear cylinder connecting rod is forked to fit around the single-end front cylinder connecting rod, allowing a single connecting rod-crankpin connection to the flywheel.

Flywheel rotation is clockwise (viewing engine from right side). Using the front cylinder firing position as a starting point, the rear cylinder fires at 315 degrees rotation (360 degrees minus the 45 degrees between cylinders). The front fires in an additional 405 degrees (360 degrees plus the 45 degrees between cylinders), completing the 720 degrees of flywheel rotation necessary for the four piston strokes.

The gearcase is located on the right side of the crankcase and houses a gear train which operates and times the valves and crankcase breather. The rotary crankcase breather valve is located between crankcase and gearcase compartments and functions to relieve crankcase pressure caused by downstroke of pistons, and controls the flow of oil in the lubrication system.

A single camshaft with four cam lobes is gear driven. The engine valves are opened and closed through the mechanical linkage of tappets, push rods and rocker arms. Tappets serve to transmit the cam action to the valve linkage. Hydraulic lifters installed in the tappets automatically compensate for heat expansion to maintain a no-lash fit of parts. Valve and breather timing are obtained by meshing gearcase gears with timing marks aligned.

Ignition spark is produced by operation of circuit breaker, ignition coil and spark plugs. The breaking of circuit breaker points by a cam on the camshaft determines the spark timing.

Ignition spark is produced through operation of a single set of circuit breaker points by a double-lobe cam on the circuit breaker shaft. The narrow lobe times the front cylinder. The wide lobe times the rear cylinder. Both spark plugs fire each crankshaft revolution. However, the spark in one cylinder occurs ineffectually during its exhaust stroke.

Most other engine components function similar to usual internal combustion engine design. For further description of part function, see pertinent manual sections.

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